ВСИЧКО ЗА КИТАЙ

中国大观园

от Яна Шишкова и приятели на Китай

ноември 6, 2007

Зеленчуци и подправки (списък думи)

в категория Тематичен речник

蔬菜

蔬菜                                       shūcài                                                             зеленчуци

青菜                                       qīngcài                                                        зеленчуци; постно ястие

白薯                                       báishŭ                                                         батат, сладки картофи

土豆马铃薯                          tŭdòumălíngshŭ                                         картофи

薯条儿                                    shŭtiáor                                                       пържени картофи

木薯                                       mùshŭ                                                         маниока

黄瓜                                       huángguā                                                     краставици

西红柿                                    xīhóngshì                                                      домат           

番茄                                       fānqié                                                           доматено пюре

胡萝卜                                    húluóbo                                                        моркови

()白菜                                  (yáng) báicài                                                зеле

生菜                                       shēngcài                                                       салата

酸白菜                                    suān báicài                                                    кисело зеле

龙须菜                                    lóngxŭcài                                                       аспержи

菜花                                        càihuā                                                          карфиол

甜菜                                        tiáncài                                                          цвекло

甘蔗                                        gānzhe                                                         захарна тръстика

硬花球花椰菜                            yìnghuāqíuhuāyēcài                                       броколи

青椒                                        qīngjiāo                                                        чушки

柿子椒                                    shìzijiāo                                                         камби

南瓜                                        nánguā                                                         тиква

瓠子                                        húzi                                                              тиквички

茄子                                        qiézi                                                             патладжан, син домат

稻子                                        dàozi                                                            ориз (растението)

米、大米                                  mĭdàmĭ                                                  ориз (очистените зърна)

白饭、米饭                               báifànmĭfàn                                                бял сготвен ориз

玉米、玉蜀黍、包谷                   yùmiyùshŭshŭbāogŭ                                царевица

蘑菇                                        mógū                                                             гъби

木耳                                        mù`ĕr                                                      гъби “Дървесни ушички”

小红萝卜                                  xiăo hóng luóbo                                              репички

菠菜                                        bōcài                                                              спанак

荨麻                                        xúnmá                                                            коприва

滨藜                                        bīnlí                                                                 лобода

酸模                                        suānmó                                                          киселец

金丝桃                                    jīnsītáo                                                            жълт кантарион

藜芦                                        lílú                                                                  кукуряк

防风                                        fàngfēng                                                         пащърнак

山苏花                                    shānsùhuā                                                       папрат

甘菊                                        gānjú                                                             лайка, лайкучка

艾子                                        àizi                                                                 пелин

芝麻                                        zhīma                                                             сусам

蛇醉草、忽布                            shézuìcăohūbù                                             хмел

胡芦                                        húlu                                                                кратуна

百合                                        băihé                                                              лилия

莲藕                                        lián`ŏu                                                           корен от лотос

竹笋                                        zhúsŭn                                                           бамбукови филизи

辣椒                                        làjiāo                                                        люти чушки, лют пипер

()                                     (yang) cōng                                                    лук

大葱长葱                              dà cōngcháng cōng                                       праз лук

                                           suàn                                                               чесън

泡菜                                        pàocài                                                            китайска туршия

酸菜                                        suāncài                                                           туршия

芜菁                                                                                                              ряпа

穗橘                                        suiju                                                                грейпфрут

 

БОБОВИ  РАСТЕНИЯ

豆类作物                                  dòu lèi zuòwù                                                 бобови растения

扁豆                                        biăndòu                                                          зелен фасул

豌豆                                        wāndòu                                                          грах

()绿豆                                  biăn lǜdòu                                                       леща

高梁                                        gāoliàng                                                         сорго

苤兰                                        piĕlán                                                              гулия, алабаш

秋葵                                        qīukuí                                                              бамя

鹰嘴豆                                    yīngzuĭdòu                                                        нахут

黄豆毛豆                              huángdòumáodòu                                         соя

豆芽                                        dòuyá                                                              соеви кълнове

黑豆                                        hēidòu                                                             черна соя

蚕豆                                        cándòu                                                            бакла

 

ПЕТТЕ ВКУСА

()              xiánde              солено                            yán           сол

()              suānde             кисело                            cù             оцет

()              tiánde               сладко                  糖浆     tángjiāng     петмез

()              kŭde                 горчиво                         jiāng           джинджифил

()              làde                  люто                     辣椒      làjiāo          лют пипер

ПОДПРАВКИ

作料                                        zuóliào                                                             подправки

胡椒                                        hújiāo                                                              черен пипер

芥末                                        jièmo                                                               горчица

植物油                                    zhíwù yóu                                                   растително масло, олио

动物油                                    dòngwù yóu                                                животинска мазнина

柑揽油                                    gānlănyóu                                                   зехтин

酱油                                        jiàngyóu                                                     соев сос

砂糖                                        shātáng                                                      ситна захар

糖粉, 糖面                                tángfēn, tángmiàn                                       пудра захар

蜂蜜                                        fēngmì                                                        пчелен мед

洋萝香菜                               yángluóxingcài                                         магданоз

回香                                        huíxiāng                                                      копър

芹菜                                        qíncài                                                          целина

月桂叶                                     yuèguìyè                                                     дафинов лист

芹菜                                        qíncài                                                           кервиз, целина

洋姜                                        yángjiāng                                                     хрян

风轮菜                                     fēnglúncài                                                     чубрица

罗勒                                        luōle                                                             босилек

野薄荷                                     yĕ bòhe                                                        джоджен

葛缕子                                     gĕlǚzi                                                            кимион

肉桂                                        ròuguì                                                            канела

香草                                        xiāngcăo                                                        ванилия

焙粉                                        bèifĕn                                                            бакпулвер

酵母                                        jiàomŭ                                                            мая

ЗЪРНЕНИ КУЛТУРИ

谷类作物                                  gŭ lèi zuòwù                                                  зърнени  култури

面粉                                        miànfēn                                                         брашно

大麦                                        dàmài                                                            ечемик

小麦、麦子                               xiăomàimàizi                                              пшеница, жито

麦粒儿                                     màilìr                                                             булгур

细麦椮                                     xìmàishen                                                      грис

荞麦                                        qiáomài                                                         елда, гречиха

黑麦                                        hēimài                                                           ръж

燕麦                                        yànmài                                                          овес

小米、黍                                  xiăomĭshŭ                                                   просо

МАСЛОДАЙНИ РАСТЕНИЯ

油料作物                                  yóuliào zuòwù                                               маслодайни растения

向日葵                                     xiàngrìkuí                                                       слънчоглед

柑揽                                        gānlăn                                                           маслини

洋油菜                                     yăngyóucài                                                    рапица

芝麻                                        zhīma                                                             сусам

罌粟                                        yīngsù                                                             мак

Съставител: Яна Шишкова

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Публикациите, подписани от Яна Шишкова, ползват условията на Криейтив Комънс лиценз.
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